The original Yad Hashmona cooperative settlement was founded by a group of Christian volunteers who arrived from Finland to pursue their Biblical beliefs, and help the Jewish people to establish themselves in their old-new homeland. The settlement was named after eight  Jews who were handed over to the Nazis during World War II ( Yad – Memorial; Hashmona – the eight) In the course of time the original settlers were joined by local Israelis who shared the same belief in the New, as well as the Old Testament.